$Id: README 30772 2013-05-28 18:07:34Z karl $
Public domain. Originally written 2005 by Karl Berry.
For a high-level overview of building TeX Live, see
http://tug.org/texlive/build.html. In brief:
To configure and make the source tree, run ./Build.
To build (mostly) without optimization, run ./Build --debug.
To make without configuring, run TL_CONFIGURE=true ./Build.
(Nearly everything the Build script does can be overridden via
environment variables; just take a look to see all the names.)
- C and C++ compilers.
- GNU make. If your GNU make is invoked by some name other than `make',
try: env TL_MAKE=/your/gnu/make ./Build
- GNU clisp and GNU libffcall, for xindy. See more
details in utils/README. (Alternative: Build --disable-xindy.)
Also perl, latex, and pdflatex to build the rules and/or documentation.
- Perl to autodetect the TeX Live platform name for biber.
- X11 headers and libraries (often a ``development'' package, not
installed by default), for pdfopen and xdvi.
(Alternative: Build --without-x.)
- libfontconfig (again both headers and library), for XeTeX and xdvipdfmx,
except on MacOSX. (Alternative: Build --disable-xetex --disable-xdvipdfmx.)
While on MacOSX, an Objective C++ compiler is needed for XeTeX.
- If you modify any .y or .l source files, then Bison and Flex (or maybe
equivalents) are needed. The distributed .c and .h files are generated
with bison-2.5 and flex-2.5.35.
The binaries will be left in ./inst/bin/<stdplatform>.
For TeX Live, ignore the other files and directories that end up in ./inst.
The new binaries are not directly usable from that location. Instead,
copy them to Master/bin/<tlplatformname>/.
That should be it for normal builds. Email firstname.lastname@example.org if problems.
To make a usable TeX installation, you have to have (thousands of)
support files as well as the binaries that are built here. The support
files are maintained completely independently. The best basis for
dealing with them is the TeX Live (plain text) database,
Master/tlpkg/texlive.tlpdb, and/or our installer. More information is
under Master/tlpkg. See also http://tug.org/texlive/distro.html.
If your C++ needs to find the standard library in, say, /usr/local/lib,
(i.e., configure fails saying the compiler doesn't work), try:
env LD_OPTIONS=-R/usr/local/lib ./Build
Many more details about the TL build system, such as adding new
programs or libraries, recompiling after fixing problems, etc., are in
the other README.* files here.
Build information for some of the platforms.
i386-linux: gcc 4.6.3, Linux 2.6.18-* (CentOS 5, tug.org)
x86_64-linux: gcc 4.6.3, libc 2.3.6, Linux 188.8.131.52
Using gcc-4.5.4 breaks mpost
universal-darwin, x86_64-darwin: a menagerie of versions.
i386-solaris, x86_64-solaris: Solaris 11.
powerpc-linux (Debian Squeeze)
Linux homer 2.6.32-5-powerpc64 #1 SMP Tue Mar 8 02:01:42 UTC 2011
ppc64 Debian GNU/Linux 6.0
(only the kernel is 64bit, the entire userland is 32bit.)
sparc-solaris: gcc-4.5.0, Solaris 5.10 (Utah).
OS: AIX 4.3
compiler: IBM C for AIX Compiler, Version 5 (xlc)
bison (GNU Bison) 1.34
flex version 2.5.4
GNU m4 1.4
GNU Make 3.79.1
You can download fontconfig for AIX from
OS: Debian GNU/Linux 4.0 (Etch), kernel 2.6.18
gcc (GCCC) 4.1.2 20061115 (prerelease) (Debian 4.1.1-21)
bison (GNU Bison) 2.3
GNU M4 1.4.8
GNU Make 3.81
- you have to set the ulimit high enough before compiling clisp and texlive
ulimit -s 16384
did suffice for me
- compiling of texk/web2c/pdftexdir/writezip.c is broken and triggers a
compiler error with the above gcc. This is a known optimization error
of gcc on alphas. The solution is to set
before running Build.
- compilation of clisp needs --disable-mmap
- asy compilation with --disable-gsl && make