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Direc­tory tex-archive/macros/latex/contrib/babel-contrib/greek

Babel support for the Greek language and script

:Copyright: © 1997 Apostolos Syropoulos, Claudio Beccari, Johannes Brahms,
            © 2013 Günter Milde
:Licence:   This work may be distributed and/or modified under the
            conditions of the `LaTeX Project Public License`_, either
            version 1.3 of this license or any later version.

:Abstract: Babel-greek is a contributed package providing support for the
           Greek language and script via the Babel_ system.

           The file ``greek.ldf`` provides options for monotonic
           (single-diacritic) and polytonic (multiple-diacritic) modes of

           Since 2013-07-19, babel-greek supports also Unicode-aware TeX
           engines (XeTeX/LuaTeX).


.. class:: borderless

===== ============ ============================================================
1.4   2013-05-17   New maintainer.
..                 The encoding definition file ``lgrenc.def`` moved to the
                   greek-fontenc_ package.

1.5   2013-06-21   bugfixes and cleanup,
..                 LICR macros in string definitions,
..                 LGR font encoding not used with XeTeX/LuaTeX,
..                 input "xgreek-fixes.def" from polyglossia_ with Xe/LuaTeX.
1.5a  2013-07-02   Fix LaTeX bugs babel/3707, `babel/4303`_ and `babel/4305`_
1.6   2013-07-19   Experimental support for XeTeX/LuaTeX.
1.7   2013-09-09   CB-Fonts font definition files moved to CB-Fonts package.
..                 Do not auto-load euenc.def with XeTeX/LuaTeX.
1.7a  2013-09-13   Fix bug `babel/4360`_: spurious ``\fi``.
1.7b  2013-10-01   bugfix: correct upcasing of babel strings with Xe/LuaTeX.
1.8   2013-12-02   Rename ``greek.dtx`` to ``babel-greek`` so that texdoc_
                   shows the right documentation.
..                 Compatibility with Xe/LuaTeX in Unicode and 8-bit mode.
1.8a  2013-12-03   Set ``\encodingdefault`` in ``\greekscript`` to fix
                   Greek in footnotes etc. with document language Greek.
1.9   2014-07-20   Added attribute for ancient Greek, load correct hyphenation
                   patterns: Patch by Claudio Beccari. Bugfix for Makeuppercase
1.9a  2014-09-12   Remove duplicate code, documentation review.
1.9b  2014-09-18   Remove spurious whitespace from "extrasgreek" definition.
..                 Use named macros instead of non-standard short macros
                   for psili and dasia in the string definitions.
1.9c  2014-10-21   Fix dummy hyphenation language names (patch Ulrike Fischer).
1.9d  2015-09-04   Remove `grsymb` (macros for Greek symbols). 
                   This package is outdated and obsoleted by greek-fontenc_
                   (reported by Claudio Beccari).
..                 Unicode uc/lc corrections now in greek-fontenc
                   (polyglossia's ``xgreek-fixes.def``  has bugs).
===== ============ ============================================================

.. _babel/4303: http://www.latex-project.org/cgi-bin/ltxbugs2html?pr=babel/4303
.. _babel/4305: http://www.latex-project.org/cgi-bin/ltxbugs2html?pr=babel/4305
.. _babel/4360: http://www.latex-project.org/cgi-bin/ltxbugs2html?pr=babel/4360


`<babel-greek.ins>`_; `<babel-greek.pdf>`_
  Source of the language definition file ``greek.ldf`` for use with Babel_.
`<athnum.dtx>`_; `<athnum.pdf>`_
  Athenian Numerals.
`<grmath.dtx>`_; `<grmath.pdf>`_
  Greek log-like Operators.
`<test-greek.pdf>`_; `<test-greek.tex>`_
  Tests and Examples for 8-bit TeX.
`<test-unicode-greek.pdf>`_; `<test-unicode-greek.tex>`_
  Tests and Examples for XeTeX/LuaTeX.
`<test-unicode-lgr.pdf>`_; `<test-unicode-lgr.tex>`_
  Tests and Examples for XeTeX/LuaTeX with LGR 8-bit fonts.

`<usage.pdf>`_; `<usage.tex>`_
  Description of the `LGR Latin transliteration`_.


The "babel-greek" package requires the babel_ base package and font
definition files from the greek-fontenc_ package. The greek-inputenc_
package is recommended when using 8-bit TeX engines.

Typesetting Greek texts requires `Greek text fonts`_.

Plain TeX is currently not supported. Patches are welcome.


If possible, get this package from your distribution using its installation

Otherwise, make sure LaTeX can find the required files:

* Download and unpack `babel-greek.zip`.

* Run ``tex`` or ``latex`` on the batch file ``babel-greek.ins``.

* Move all files ending in ``.ldf`` or ``.sty`` into a directory searched by

* To produce the documentation, run the file ``usage.tex`` and all files
  ending in ``.dtx`` through LaTeX.


Pass the "greek" option to babel::


For polytonic Greek, set the language attribute  "polutoniko"::


or ::


Similarly, the attribute "ancient" selects the ancient Greek language

For details see `<babel-greek.pdf>`_ and the babel_ documentation.

With XeTeX/LuaTeX, load fontspec_ before babel_, so that babel-greek can
set up the Unicode font encoding for use with Greek, e.g. ::

  \setmainfont{Linux Libertine O}
  \setsansfont{Linux Biolinum O}

Note, that the default font used with XeTeX/LuaTeX (Latin Modern) misses most
Greek letters. Warnings about missing charcters are only written to the log
file, not the console output!

Input of Greek characters is possible as literal characters (with the
greek-inputenc_ package or with XeTeX or LuaTeX) or the `LGR Latin
transliteration`_. See `<usage.pdf>`_ and the example files provided with

Greek text fonts

A list of Greek text fonts for use with LaTeX is available at the CTAN

With the XeTeX or LuaTeX engines, the user should ensure that the chosen
font contains the required glyphs (the default Latin Modern fonts miss
them). Examples for suitable fonts are the CM-unicode_ or the `Linux
Libertine`_ OpenType fonts as well as any system-wide installed OTF fonts
that support Greek (e.g. `Deja Vu`_).

The LGR `font encoding`_ is the de-facto standard for typesetting Greek with
8-bit LaTeX. Fonts in this encoding include the `CB fonts`_ (matching CM),
grtimes_ (Greek Times), Kerkis_ (matching URW Bookman), and the `GFS font
collection`_. Setup of these fonts as Greek variant to matching Latin fonts
is facilitated by the substitutefont_ package.

LGR Latin Transliteration

The LGR font encoding allows input of Greek characters via an ASCII
transliteration. This enables simple input with a Latin keyboard.
Characters with diacritics are selected by ligature definitions in the
font (see `<usage.pdf>`_).

The following ASCII characters are converted to Greek symbols:

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =
A B G D E Z H J I K L M N X O P R S   T U F Q Y W
Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ   Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω
a b g d e z h j i k l m n x o p r s c t u f q y w
α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ σ ς τ υ φ χ ψ ω
= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =

Accent symbols and punctuation:

================= ===== == ====================== ======== ====
tonos             ``'``  ά  semicolon              ``;``    ·
varia             \`     ὰ  question mark          ``?``    ;
perispomeni       ``~``  ᾶ  left apostrophe        \` \`    ‘
dasia             ``<``  ἁ  right apostrophe       ``''``   ’
psili             ``>``  ἀ  left quotation mark    ``((``   »
ypogegrammeni     ``|``  ᾳ  right quotation mark   ``))``   »
dialytika         ``"``  ϊ  zero width non-joiner  v
================= ===== == ====================== ======== ====

A major drawback of the LGR transliteration is that you cannot access Latin
letters and some symbols if LGR is the active font encoding (e.g. in
documents or parts of documents given the `Babel` language ``greek``). This
means that for every Latin-written word or acronym an explicit
language-switch is required. This problem can only be solved via a
font-encoding comprising both Latin and Greek like the hypothetical T7 or
Unicode (with XeTeX or LuaTeX).

.. References

.. _LaTeX Project Public License: http://www.latex-project.org/lppl.txt
.. _babel: http://www.ctan.org/pkg/babel
.. _font encoding: http://mirror.ctan.org/macros/latex/doc/encguide.pdf
.. _fontspec: http://www.ctan.org/pkg/fontspec
.. _CB Fonts: http://www.ctan.org/pkg/cbgreek-complete
.. _CM-unicode: http://www.ctan.org/pkg/cm-unicode
.. _Deja Vu: http://dejavu-fonts.org
.. _e-TeX: http://www.tex.ac.uk/cgi-bin/texfaq2html?label=etex
.. _grtimes: http://www.ctan.org/pkg/grtimes
.. _greek-fontenc: http://www.ctan.org/pkg/greek-fontenc
.. _greek-inputenc: http://www.ctan.org/pkg/greek-inputenc
.. _GFS font collection: http://www.ctan.org/pkg/gfs
.. _Kerkis: http://www.ctan.org/pkg/kerkis
.. _Linux Libertine: http://www.ctan.org/pkg/libertine
.. _polyglossia: http://www.ctan.org/pkg/polyglossia
.. _substitutefont: http://www.ctan.org/pkg/substitutefont
.. _texdoc: http://www.ctan.org/pkg/texdoc


Name Size Date Notes
README 9306 2015-09-04 14:50
README.html 30736 2015-09-04 14:50
ath­num.dtx 10316 2013-03-20 17:52
ath­num.pdf 176656 2013-03-20 17:52
ba­bel-greek.dtx 59028 2015-09-04 14:52
ba­bel-greek.ins 3601 2015-07-06 17:08
ba­bel-greek.pdf 255797 2015-09-04 14:42
gr­math.dtx 6130 2013-03-20 17:52
gr­math.pdf 120534 2013-03-20 17:52
test-greek.pdf 233000 2015-07-06 17:37
test-greek.tex 14918 2014-12-21 11:36
test-uni­code-greek.pdf 42203 2015-08-18 17:34
test-uni­code-greek.tex 6941 2015-09-02 14:53
test-uni­code-lgr.pdf 43187 2014-12-21 15:01
test-uni­code-lgr.tex 7397 2014-12-21 15:00
us­age.pdf 176230 2014-12-21 17:04
us­age.tex 9771 2015-06-30 17:51

Down­load the con­tents of this pack­age in one zip archive (1.0M).

ba­bel-greek – Ba­bel sup­port for doc­u­ments writ­ten in Greek

The file pro­vides modes for mono­tonic (sin­gle-di­a­critic) and poly­tonic (mul­ti­ple-di­a­critic) modes of writ­ing. Pro­vi­sion is made for Greek func­tion names in math­e­mat­ics, and for clas­si­cal-era sym­bols.

Pack­age De­tailsba­bel-greek
Ver­sion1.9d 2015-09-04
Li­censeThe LaTeX Project Public Li­cense 1.3
Copy­right2013–2015 Günter Milde
1989–2005 Apos­to­los Sy­ropou­los, Jo­hannes Braams
Main­tainerApos­to­los Sy­ropou­los (in­ac­tive)
Jo­hannes L. Braams (in­ac­tive)
Gün­ter Milde
Con­tained inTeX Live as ba­bel-greek
MiKTeX as ba­bel-greek
Topics ex­tra lan­guage ‘drivers’ for ex­ist­ing mul­ti­lin­gual pack­ages
sup­port for type­set­ting Greek
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