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Directory biblio/bibtex/contrib/gost



BibTEX support for GOST standard bibliographies

GOST is a bundle of BibTEX styles to format references according to the State Standards on information, librarianship and publishing (GOST) issued by The Russian Federation and Interstate Committee of former USSR States.

Current version is 1.2l, 2021.02.05.

Released under the Project Public License v1.3c or later See http://www.latex-project.org/lppl.txt

Please submit bug reports and feature requests to


The System of State Standards includes:

GOST 7.80 -2000  Bibliographic record.
                 Heading. General requirements and rules.
GOST 7.83 -2001  Electronic editions. Basic types and imprint.
GOST 7.1  -2003  Bibliographic record.
                 Bibliographic description.
                 General requirements and rules.
GOST 7.11 -2004  Bibliographic description and references.
                 Rules for the abbreviation of words and word
                 combinations in foreign European languages.
GOST 7.0.5-2008  Bibliographic reference.
                 General requirements and rules of making.


Currently, GOST contains 16 styles to format bibliography in English, Russian and Ukrainian according to GOST 7.0.5-2008 and GOST 7.1-2003. Both 8-bit and Unicode (UTF-8) versions of each style, in each case offering a choice of sorted and unsorted.

All styles in the GOST bundle are derived from single master file gost.dtx by applying different set of options as shown in the table below.

Style | utf8 | strict | eprint | long | sort | natbib :————–|:—-:|:——:|:——:|:—-:|:—-:|:——: gost2003 | | + | + | | | gost2003s | | + | + | | + | gost2008 | | | + | | | gost2008n | | | + | | | + gost2008l | | | + | + | | gost2008s | | | + | | + | gost2008ns | | | + | | + | + gost2008ls | | | + | + | + | ugost2003 | + | + | + | | | ugost2003s | + | + | + | | + | ugost2008 | + | | + | | | ugost2008n | + | | + | | | + ugost2008l | + | | + | + | | ugost2008s | + | | + | | + | ugost2008ns | + | | + | | + | + ugost2008ls | + | | + | + | + | Style |utf8|strict|eprint|long|sort|natbib

Gost2008 style is recommended for most applications. It corresponds to the currently effective Standard 7.0.5-2008. Librarians should use the style gost2003 instead of gost2008 to compile a library catalog to meet the Standard 7.1-2003. Use of other styles is best explained through the meaning of options used to compile those styles from the master source.

The strict option provides conformance to the Standard 7.1-2003. The bibstyles compiled with that option bear the name gost2003 with possible suffixes s, l, n as explained below. These styles are intended primarily for the librarians who compose a library catalog.

The bibstyles compiled without strict option meets the Standard 7.0.5-2008 which can be thought off as a relaxed version of the Standards 7.1-2003. These bibstyles bear the name gost2008 with possible suffixes s, l, n.

If the number of authors exceeds 4, modern styles cut the list of authors to at most 4 persons as prescibed by the Standards. Option long overrides this rule to provide backward compatibility with the package disser by Stanislab Kruchinin. Two styles, gost2008l and gost2008ls, compiled with the option long mimic behavior of the styles gost705 and gost705s from the disser package. Major effect of the long option is that the list of authors always precedes book or article title no matter how long is it. Modern styles compiled without long place long list of authors behind the title. The names of styles compiled with the option long has the suffix l. Recall that those styles do not conform effective Standards and their use is discouraged.

The eprint option enables formatting electronic publications. In particular, it enables eprint, eprinttype, eprintclass, and doi fields for a bibliographic entry. The styles generated without the eprint option, ignore the these fields. Starting from the version 1.2 of the GOST package, all modern styles are compiled with this option included, and the suffix e which designated this option in earlier versions is not appended to the name of style any more.

The natbib option provides compatibility with the natbib package. The names of styles compiled with the option natbib bear the suffix n. Currently 4 styles with that option are available for beta testing.

The sort option enables sorting bibliographic references by author names and references titles. The names of styles compiled with the option sort bear the suffix s.

Finally, the utf8 option produces bibliographic styles in unicode rather that in 8-bit encoding. Names of those styles bear the prefix u.

Beyond bibliographic style, GOST bundle contains CS files (codepage and sorting order).

Encoding CSF Sorting order
cp866 ruscii.csf Cyrillic first, Latin
cp1251 cp1251.csf Cyrillic first, Latin
koi8-u koi8u.csf Cyrillic first, Latin
utf8 utf8cyrillic.csf Cyrillic first, Latin

In addition, 8 distribution comes with few more CSFs.

Encoding | CSF |Sorting order —————–|———————-|———————– cp866 | cp866rus.csf |Latin first, Cyrillic

How to use

  1. Select bibliography style by adding appropriate \bibliographystyle

declaration to your source file file{<filename>.tex}, e.g.

  1. Add the field language="ukrainian" or language="russian" to the

bibliographic entries in Ukrainian or Russian languages in your database; English is the default language. German, Italian and French are partially supported.

  1. To compile list of references from your database use bibtex8.exe

rather than bibtex.exe. Depending on the codepage of your bibliographic database, indicate one of the CS files listed above as option to bibtex8.exe. Run , then run bibTeX8 and again:

latex <filename>.tex
bibtex8 -B -c <csf_file>.csf <filename>.aux
latex <filename>.tex
  1. For details on preparing bibliographic database see examples in

gost*.pdf and ugost*.pdf.

  1. ugost* styles are primarily intended for use

with unicode compilers (xelatex and lualatex). They should be preferred as well when using 8bit compilers (latex and pdflatex) if source file is in utf8 encoding.

  1. Neither bibtex.exe nor bibtex8.exe provides

correct sorting order of unicode text. It means that using ugost2008s or ugost2008ns may produce unexpected result for documents in utf8 encoding.

  1. Bibtex8 fails to change case of a string if it contains Cyrillic

letter in unicode. Therefore ugost2008* styles do not change case of titles and other parts of bibliographic record while 8-bit styles do the case change where appropriate.

  1. Either bibtex.exe or bibtex8.exe fail to cut Cyrillic names to

initials. Therefore ugost2008* styles do not modify name of authors.

  1. Package natbib is required when choosing styles with

suffix n in their names.


Every GOST style defines few commands to format some parts of a reference. You can redefine these commands prior to the \bibliography{<bibtex_style>} command. Initial definitions are listed below.

\providecommand*{\url}[1]{{\small #1}}

By default, gost styles separate logical parts of a bibliography record by a period and cyrdash (. "---). It is legitimate to drop that dash by overriding the command \BibDash as follows


By default, \BibDash is equivalent to the shorthand "--- defined by the babel package with the option russian. It prints a so called Cyrillic dash (\cyrdash), which is 20 % shorter then ordinary dash (---), and puts unbreakable space before \cyrdash so that dash never appears in the beginning of a line.

Where to get from

  1. http://ctan.org/pkg/gost.
  1. http://github.com/kia999/gost


   to produce .bst styles.

pdllatex.exe gost.dtx makeindex -r -s gind.ist gost makeindex -r -s gglo.ist -o gost.gls gost.glo pdflatex gost.dtx pdflatex gost.dtx
to produce .bst styles and documentation. To succeed, you have to install
LH or cm-super fonts. Alternatively, run `xelatex` instead of `pdflatex`.
To succeed, you have to install cm-unicode fonts.

## Version history

### Version 1.2l (2021.02.05)

1, Minor changes in documentation.

2. gost.tds.zip again added to the distribution since
   MikTeX maintainer failed to generate correct bst styles.

### Version 1.2k (2020.12.29)

1. All stuff is now generated from `gost.dtx`.

2. Limited support of the `date` field added.

3. Formatting of `doi` field updated: `http://dx.doi.org` changed
to `https://doi.org`.

4. Documentation and examples update (thanks to Leonid Sinev).

5. Formatting of @inproceedings and @proceedings improved.

### Version 1.2i (2017.01.12)

1. Documentation and examples update (thanks to Leonid Sinev).

2. Restored `@MastersThesis` instead of `@MasterThesis` (thanks to Leonid Sinev).

3. `media="eresource"` is introduced in addition to `media="online"` and
`media="text"`; if present, the `media` field is not ignored any more in
modern bst-styles compiled without the `strict` option.

4. `location` field is introduced as an alias of `address` field.

5. `@DSCISTHESIS` entry renamed to `@DOCTHESIS`.

6. `school` field in `@THESIS` and similar entries is replaced by
`institution` to comply with `biblatex-gost` style.

7. `specialitycode` is added for `@THESIS` and similar entries;
   number is treated as alias of specialitycode.

8. `type` field in `@THESIS` and similar entries can now accept three values
   (`mathesis`, `phdthesis`, `docthesis`) which are translated to built-in
   language-sensitive strings; any other value is reproduced literally.

### Version 1.2h (2016.08.21)

1. Minor changes in documentation.

### Version 1.2g (2016.07.25)

1. Minor changes in documentation.

### Version 1.2f (2016.07.11)

1. Support for `@patent` entry added (thanks to Stanislav Kruchinin).
2. medium field renamed to media field.

### Version 1.2e (2016.07.07)

1. Hard coded "URL" string replaced with a language sensitive string
   (thanks to Roman Budnyi).

### Version 1.2d (2016.02.18)

1. jan, feb, mar, e.t.c. month macros fixed;
2. New macro format.month.
3. \cyrdash is now faked via \ProvideTextCommandDefault if not defined.

### Version 1.2c (2015.01.10)

1. langid field added; language field supported for backward compatibility.
2. eid field added, it has priority over pages field;
3. Fix Gost2003: "--- replaced by \BibDash;
4. Spacing around \BibDash improved.

### Version 1.2b (2014.01.19)

1. numpages renamed to pagetotal.

### Version 1.2a (2012.08.31)

1. \cyrdash is now defined via \ProvideTextCommand rather than \providecommand.

### Version 1.2 (2012.02.22)

1. Code refactoring. All styles are now generated from single source file.
2. Support for GOST-7.1-2003. The field `medium` is added to reflect type
   of material. For most entry types `medium` defaults to `text`.
3. Support for `natbib` package.
4. All modern styles are now compiled with the `eprint` option.

### Version 1.1 (2012.01.21)

1. Support for GOST 7.0.5-2008 and GOST 7.1-2003 is provided.
2. `@Online` entry is added to format a reference to electronic
   resource on Internet.
3. `@MastersThesis` entry is added to format a reference to master's thesis.
   `@DSciThesis` entry is added to format a reference to doctor of
   sciences thesis.
4. `Urldate`, `eprint`, `eprintclass`, `eprinttype` fields are added.

### Earlier version history

2012.08.31 \cyrdash is now defined via \ProvideTextCommand.
2012.02.22 Support for |natbib| package.
2012.02.02 Adaptation to GOST 7.0.5, electronic publishing.
2005.08.12 First version uploaded to CTAN.
2003.06.06 First public version.

### Older versions

See `gost.pdf`.

### Bug reports

Please, submit feature requests and issue reports via

Happy BibTeXing!

Download the contents of this package in one zip archive (4.5M).

gost – styles to format according to GOST

styles to format bibliographies in English, Russian or Ukrainian according to GOST 7.0.5-2008 or GOST 7.1-2003.

Both 8-bit and Unicode (UTF-8) versions of each style, in each case offering a choice of sorted and unsorted. Further, a set of three styles (which do not conform to current standards) are retained for backwards compatibility.

Version1.2l 2021-02-05
LicensesThe Project Public License 1.3c
Copyright1996–2005 Maksym Polyakov
2012–2021 Igor A. Kotelnikov
2017 Leonid Sinev
MaintainerIgor A. Kotelnikov
Maksym Polyakov
TDS archivegost.tds.zip
Contained inTeX Live as gost
MiKTeX as gost
TopicsStd conform
See alsobiblatex-gost
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