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Directory macros/latex/contrib/biblatex2bibitem


The Problem Being Solved

Some journals accept the reference list only as \bibitems. If you use , there is no problem: just paste the content of the .bbl file into your document. However, there were no out-of-the-box way to do the same for biblatex, and you had to struggle with searching appropriate .bst files, or formatting your reference list by hand, or something like that.

Now you haven't to.


In preamble, after the biblatex package is loaded via \usepackage[...]{biblatex}:


At the very end of document:


The desired bibitems will be written directly to the PDF file.

When it's time to switch to bibitems (e.g. before sending the paper to the journal), just copy them to the to your .tex file, remove biblatex commands and load cite package.


This package itself is a hack. Moreover, it is (as for 02 March 2020) under rather an active development. New features may appear and disappear, and the API may be unstable. Thus, you may want to download biblatex2bibitem.sty and keep it near your article instead of (or in addition to) having installing it system-wide.


Linebreaks in generated bibliography

You can pass block=par option to biblatex like that:


but not like that (see also https://github.com/plk/biblatex/issues/968):


It will add linebreaks in generated bibitems and make the code a bit more beautiful :)

(Un)desired spaces

If you really want to have a space after the title of an e.g. an article, just


bibitem separators

By default, generated bibitems are separated by a line with a percent sign on it to make the readng of the cde easier. You can tweak this by e.g.


(for putting all the bibitems into monotype font) or e.g.


(for disabling "blank" lines but not linebreaks when copying).

Other redefinable commands

Don't forget about \makeatletter and \makeatother!

  • \print@begin@thebibliography - default: \textbackslash begin\{thebibliography\}\{99\}
  • \print@end@thebibliography - default: \textbackslash end\{thebibliography\}

See also



LPPL - Project Public License v1.3c+, DFSG compat.


  • Nikolai Avdeev aka @nickkolok

Download the contents of this package in one zip archive (127.6k).

biblatex2bibitem – Convert Bib-generated bibliography to bibitems

This is a workaround to convert Bib-generated bibliography to bibitems.

Bug trackerhttps://gitlab.com/Nickkolok/biblatex2bibitem/issues
Version0.2.0 2020-03-03
LicensesThe Project Public License 1.3c
Copyright2020 Nikolai Avdeev
MaintainerNikolai Avdeev
Contained inTeX Live as biblatex2bibitem
MiKTeX as biblatex2bibitem
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